Education Process Planning and Law

 
 
Disclaimer  
 Information in this document is being provided as-is without any warranty/guarantee of any kind. We have taken all reasonable measures to ensure the quality, reliability, and accuracy of the information in this document. However, we may have made mistakes and we will not be responsible for any loss or damage of any kind arising because of the usage of this information. Further, upon discovery of any error or omissions, we may delete, add to, or amend information on this website without notice.  This document is intended to provide information only. If you are seeking advice on any matters relating to information on this website, you should – where appropriate – contact us directly with your specific query or seek advice from qualified professional people.  We encourage you to take steps to obtain the most up-to-date information and to confirm the accuracy and reliability of any information on this website in general and this document in particular by directly communicating with us.
 

Education : Constitutional Allocation of Power
 
The constitution has distributed various matters into three lists - the Union List, the State List, and the Concurrent List. Art 246 has given powers to the Union government to enact any legislation regarding the matters in the Union list. The states have been given power to legislate on matters in State List. For the matters in Concurrent List, both the Center and the State are empowered to make laws but the laws made by the center will prevail in case of a conflict.

In the above context, the constitution, after the 42nd amendment in 1976, gives the following powers to the center and the states with respect to education -

1. Power to Center -
Entries 63, 64, 65 of the Union list in schedule VII allow the Center to handle the affairs of -
Entry 63 - Benaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University, Delhi University, and the University established in persuance or Art 371E in A. P., or any other institution declared by parliament by law to be of national importance.
Entry 64 - Institutions of scientific and technical education funded wholly or in part by the Govt. of India, which are declared by the partiament by law to be of national importance.
Entry 65 - Union agencies and institution for vocational and technical training, or promotion of special education.

Besides the above, the center has been given a wide power in Entry 66 to coordinate and determine the standards of the institutes for higher education or research, and of scientific and technical institutions.

2. Power to States -
Entry 32 of the State List allows the states to establish universities and entry 25 of concurrent list gives the states the power to make laws regarding technical and medical education but it is subject to the provisions of Entry 63, 64, 65, and 66 of Union list.

Gujarat University vs SriKrishna AIR 1963 SC 703

Before looking into this case, it must be noted that under the Constitution, as originally enacted, i.e. before 42nd amendment in 1976, education was primarily a State subject. The relevant entry (Entry 11) in the State List read "Education including universities subject to the provisions of entire 63,64,65 and 66 of List I and 25 of List III" Thus education was exclusively a responsibility of the States, the Central Government being concerned directly with certain areas like coordination,determination of standards in technical and higher education etc.

In this case, the SC evaluated the scope of the power given to the state by entry 11 and the effect of the power of the center given in entry 66.

Details of the case -

The second respondent joined the First Year Arts Class of the St. Xavier's College, affiliated to the Gujarat University, where instruction was imparted through the medium of English and after successfully completing that
course sought admission to the classes preparing for the Intermediate Arts Examination of the University through the medium of English.
However, he was denied admission because his medium of instruction was Marathi in SSC level and the University rules allowed only those candidates to have the medium of instruction as English whose medium of instruction was English in SSC.

The first respondent (father of the second respondent) moved the Vice-Chancellor but sanction was refused.The respondents then moved the High Court under Art. 226 of the Constitution for writs requiring the university and the Principal of the College to allow the candidate. HC issued the writs in their favor.

The State and the University then filed separate appeals to the Supreme Court.  It was argued that the states had wide powers in respect of education and handling of its universities given by entry 11 and the University was well within its rights to enforce the medium of instruction.

However, it was held by majority judgement that neither under the Gujarat University Act, 1949, as originally enacted nor as amended by Act 4 of 1961, was power conferred onthe University to impose Gujarati or Hindi or both as exclusive medium or media of instruction or examination and since no power was conferred on the University the Senate could exercise no such power.

It further held that it was not correct to say that legislation prescribing the medium or media of instruction in higher education and other instructions must fall within Item 11 of List 11 of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution. The use of the expression "subject to" in that Item clearly indicates that legislation in respect of matters excluded by that Item cannot be undertaken by the State Legislature. Item 11 of List II and Item 66 of List I must be harmoniously construed and where they overlap the power conferred by Item 66 on the Parliament must prevail over the power conferred on the State Legislatures by Item 11.

The test of the validity of a State Legislation on University education or education in Technical and Scientific Institutions not covered by Entry 64 of List I, would be whether such legislation impinges on the field reserved for the Union by Item 66 of List I and prejudicially affects coordination and determination of standards, and not the existence of some definite Union Legislation to that end. If there be one, that would prevail over the State legislation under Art. 254(1) of the Constitution.

Item 66 of List I cannot be narrowly construed and the power it confers extends to all ancillary or subsidiary matters which can be fairly and reasonably comprehended by it, such as disparities resulting from the adoption of a regional medium of instruction resulting in a falling of standards in higher education. The word 'co-ordination' does not merely mean evaluation but also harmonising relationship for concerted action. The power under this Item is absolute and not conditioned by the existence of a state of emergency or unequal standards calling for its exercise. Since medium of instruction is not an item in the legislative Lists, it necessarily falls within Item II of List II, as also within items 63 to 66 of List I and in so far as it is a necessary incident of the power under Item 66 it must be deemed to be excluded from Item11 of List II.

If a legislation imposing a regional language or Hindi as the exclusive medium of instruction is likely to result in lowering of standards, it must necessarily fall within Item 66 of List I and be excluded to that extent from Item II of List II. Thus, the appeals of Gujaraj University as well as the State of Gujarat were dismissed.

Why was education transferred from the State List to the Concurrent List?
As observed in the case of Gujarat University vs Srikrishna, there was confusion between the distribution of power between the Center and the States. Due the nature of the subject of Education, there was a lot of overlapping between the scope of Entry 11 of the State List and the scope of Entry 66 of the Union List.

In its broadest sense the concept of education covers a very wide field. Buildings, libraries, laboratory equipment, courses of study, standards of examinations, research, medium of instruction, qualifications of teachers and their conditions of service, all these and more are the matters which together constitute higher education. These are not distinct legislative heads and the power to legislate in respect of all or any of them resides in the State legislature in which the power to legislate on education is vested. But the Supreme Court says that the Union Parliament has also the power under item 66 to legislate on all the above aspects of education in so far as they have a direct bearing and impact on the powers of coordination and determination of standards in particular educational institutions. If the primary aim be to fix a standard which is to be attained by a student who passes out at the end of his training it can well be said that everything necessary for the attainment of that standard by him falls equally within determination of standards. In order to attain a particular standard at the end, each preliminary step will have to be of that standard. Thus, the quality of the examination he has to pass at the end, next the quality of any intermediate examination, the textbooks for the purpose, the nature of the practical training, if any, the appliances which he must have to use, the qualifications of the teachers who impart the education, may also require to be fixed according to certain standards in order that the ultimate standard may be attained. If coordination means the fixing of the same or similar standards within a university state-wise or country wise so as to have a more or less uniform level, all these items might equally be included as fit subjects for Central legislation.

Further, India was suffering a lot due to lack of good quality higher education. The lack of any standard among the universities was detrimental to the development of science and technology of the country. Thus, it was felt that the Center should standardize and overlook the functioning of higher education with out interference from the States.
Because of these reasons, the entry 11 was removed from the State list and put as entry 25 in the concurrent list. This ensured that the center is able to maintain the standard of higher education accross the states.

Areas of Central Legislation over Education

To ensure that the standard of education is maintained through out the country the Center has enacted the University Grants Commision Act, 1956.

Notes on UGC Act 1956

Definitions
Section 2 (f) - “University” means a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act, and includes any such institution as may, in consultation with the University concerned, be recoginsed by the Commission in accordance with the regulations made in this behalf under this Act.

Deemed University
Section 3 - The Central Government may, on the advice of the Commission, declare by notification in the Official Gazette, that any institution for higher education, other than a University, shall be deemed to be a University for the purposes of this Act, and on such a declaration being made, all the provisions of this Act shall apply to such institution as if it were a University within the meaning of clause (f) of section 2.

Establishment of the commission
Section 4.
(1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, there shall be established a Commission by the name of the University Grants Commission.
(2) The said Commission shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

Composition of the commission
Section 5.
(1) The Commission shall consist of –
        (i) a Chairman,
        (ii) a Vice-Chairman, and
        (iii) ten other members,
    to be appointed by the Central Government.
(2) The Chairman shall be chosen from among persons who are not officers of the Central Government or of any State Government.
(3) Of the other members referred to in clause (iii) of sub-section (1) –
        (a) two shall be chosen from among the officers of the Central Government, to represent that government.
        (b) not less than four shall be chosen from among persons who are, at the time when they are so chosen, teachers of Universities;
        and
        (c) the remainder shall be chosen from among persons-
            (i) Who have knowledge of, or experience in, agriculture, commerce, forestry or industry;
            (ii) who are members of the engineering, legal, medical or any other learned profession; or
            (iii) who are Vice-Chancellors of Universities or who, not being teachers of Universities, are in the opinion of the Central Government, educationists of repute or have obtained high academic distinctions:

Provided that not less than one-half of the number chosen under this clause shall be from among persons who are not officers of the Central Government or of any State Government.

(4) The Vice-Chairman shall exercise such of the powers, and discharge such of the duties, of the Chairman as may be prescribed.
(5) Every appointment under this section shall take effect from the date on which it is notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette.

Functions of the commission
The powers and the functions are inseparable because powers arise from the functions that have been assigned to the commission. It has been given powers to carry out its functions.
HBRA
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Section 12 - Standard of Higher Education
The most important function of the commission is to take all such steps as it may think fit for the promotion and co-ordination of University education and for the determination and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in Universities. To do this function efficiently, it can and has the power to -
FGIRAECRP
    (a) inquire into the financial needs of Universities.
    (b) allocate and disburse grants to Central, State, as well as Deemed Universities for the development of such Universities or for the maintenance, or for any other general or specified purpose.
    (ccc) establish institutions for providing common facilities, services and programmes for a group of universities or for the universities in general and maintain such institutions or provide for their maintenance by allocating and, disbursing grants.
    (d) recommend to any University the measures necessary for the improvement of University education and advise the University upon the action to be taken for the purpose of implementing such recommendation;
    (e) advise the Central Government or any State Government on the allocation of any grants to Universities for any general or specified purpose out of the Consolidated Fund of India or the Consolidated Fund of the State, as the case may be;
    (f) advise any authority on the establishment of a new University or on proposals connected with the expansion of the activities of any University;
    (h) collect information on all such matters relating to University education in India and other countries as it thinks fit and make the same available to any University;
    (i) require a University to furnish it with such information as may be needed relating to the financial position of the University or the studies in the various branches of learning undertaken in that University, together with all the rules and regulations relating to the standards of teaching and examination in that University respecting each of such branches of learning;
    (j) perform such other functions as may be prescribed or as may be deemed necessary by the Commission for advancing the cause of higher  education in India or as may be incidental or conducive to the discharge of the above functions.

Section 17 Budget
The Commission shall prepare, in such form and at such time each year as may be prescribed, a budget in respect of the financial year next ensuing showing the estimated receipts and expenditure, and copies
thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government.

Section 18 Annual report
The Commission shall prepare once every year, in such form and at such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a true and full account of its activities during the previous year, and copies thereof
shall be forwarded to the Central Government and the Government shall cause the same to be laid before both Houses of Parliament.

Section 19 Account and audit
    (1) The Commission shall cause to be maintained such books of account and other books in relation to its account in such form and in such manner as may, in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, be prescribed.
    (2) The Commission shall, as soon as may be after closing its annual accounts, prepare a statement of accounts in such form, and forward the same to the Comptroller and Auditor-General by such date, as the Central Governments may, in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor- General, determine.
    (3) The accounts of the Commission shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General at such times and in such manner as he thinks fit.
    (4) The annual accounts of the Commission together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded to the Central Government and the Government shall cause the same to be laid before both Houses of Parliament and shall also forward a copy of the audit report to the Commission for taking suitable action on the matters arising out of the audit report.


Powers of the commission

Besides the powers mentioned above, it also has the following powers -
FGIC
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Section 12 A  - Regulation of fees and prohibition of donations in certain cases
It has the power to regulate the fee structure and to ensure that that no candidate secures admission to such course of study by reason of economic power and thereby prevents a more meritorious candidate from securing admission to such course of study;

On the termination of the affiliation of any college under sub-section (5), the Commission shall take all such steps as it may consider appropriate for safe-guarding the interests of the students concerned.

Section 12 B - Prohibition regarding giving of any grant to a University not declared by the Commission fit to receive such grant

It has the power to refuse grant to a University which is established after the commencement of the University Grants Commission (Amendment) Act, 1972, unless the Commission has, until the commission is satisfied that such University is fit for receiving such grant.

Section 13 Inspection
The commission has the power to inspect any department or facility of any university to determine the financial needs of a University or its standards of teaching,  examination and research,.

Section 14 Consequences of failure of Universities to comply with recommendations of the Commission Payment to the Commission
If any University grants affiliation in respect of any course of study to any college in contravention of the provisions of this act or fails within a reasonable time to comply with any recommendation made by the Commission, or contravenes the provision of any rule, the Commission may withhold from the University the grants proposed to be made out of the Fund of the Commission.

 
 
Disclaimer  
 Information in this document is being provided as-is without any warranty/guarantee of any kind. We have taken all reasonable measures to ensure the quality, reliability, and accuracy of the information in this document. However, we may have made mistakes and we will not be responsible for any loss or damage of any kind arising because of the usage of this information. Further, upon discovery of any error or omissions, we may delete, add to, or amend information on this website without notice.  This document is intended to provide information only. If you are seeking advice on any matters relating to information on this website, you should – where appropriate – contact us directly with your specific query or seek advice from qualified professional people.  We encourage you to take steps to obtain the most up-to-date information and to confirm the accuracy and reliability of any information on this website in general and this document in particular by directly communicating with us.
 

Madhya Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya Adhiniyam 1973
 
This was enacted to consolidate and amend the law relating to Universities and to make better provision for the organization and administration of Universities in Madhya Pradesh.


Section 6 Powers of a University

Subject to the provisions to this Act, the University shall have the following powers namely:
  1.  to provide for instruction in such branches of learning as the University may, from time to time determine and to make provision for research and for the advancement and dissemination of knowledge;
  2.  to provide instruction including of correspondence and such other courses to such persons as are not members of the University, as it may determine;
  3.  to organize University laboratories, libraries, museums and other equipment for teaching and research;
  4.  to establish, Maintain and manage colleges, teaching departments, school of studies, centers of studies and halls; 
    1. to institute Professorships, Readerships, Lectureships and any other academic or teaching posts required by the University and to appoint persons to such posts in accordance with provisions of this Act;
    2. to appoint persons working in any other University or organization as teachers of the University for a specified period; .
  5.  to recognize teachers as qualified to give Instructions in colleges;
  6.  to recognize persons eminent in any subjects to guide research in that subject;
  7.  to lay down the courses of Instructions for various examinations;
  8.  to institute degrees, diplomas, certificates and other academic distinctions;
  9.  to grant subject to such conditions as the University may determine, diplomas or certificates and confer degrees and other academic distinctions on the basis of examination, evaluation or any other method of testing;
  10.  to confer degrees and other academic distinctions on persons who have carried on research under conditions laid down in the Ordinances;
  11.  to withdraw degrees, diplomas certificates and other academic distinctions for good and sufficient reasons;
  12.  to confer honorary degrees or other academic distinctions on approved persons in the manner prescribed in the Statutes;
  13.  to provide such lectures and instructions for and to grant such diplomas and certificates to persons who are not enrolled as students of the University, as the University may determine;
  14.  to admit to its privileges colleges not maintained by the University to withdraw all or any of these privileges and to take over the management of colleges in the manner and under conditions prescribed by the Statutes or the Ordinances;
  15.  to declare a Teaching Department of the University, School of Studies or College as autonomous college:
  16.  to conduct, co-ordinate, regulate and control teaching and research work in the colleges and the institutions recognized by the University.
  17.  to recognize halls not maintained by the University and withdraw any such recognition in the manner prescribed in the statutes and the Ordinances;
  18.  to inspect colleges and recognize institutions and to take measures to ensure that proper standards of instructions, teaching and training are maintained in them;
  19.  to promote with special care the educational interest of the weaker sections of the people and in particular of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes;
  20.  to provide to the teachers and alumni of the University facilities of refresher and vacation courses;
  21.  to co-operate and collaborate with other Universities and authorities in such manner and for such purposes as the university may determine;
  22.  to take by itself or in co-operation with other Universities or the State Government or the Union Government special measures for the promotion and the development of the study of Hindi;
  23.  to make provision for: 
    1. Extramural teaching and extension service 
    2. correspondence course;(c) physical training;
    3. sports and athletic activities;
    4. social service schemes;
    5. National Cadet Corps;
    6. Students Union;
  24.  to provide for training for competitive examinations for service under the Union or the State Government and such other training as may contribute to national development;
  25.  to institute and manage: 
    1. Information Bureau;
    2. Employment Bureau; 
    3. Printing and publication Department and Translation Bureau;
  26.  to supervise and control the residence conduct and discipline of students of the University and to make arrangements of promoting their health and general welfare;
  27.  to demand and receive payment of such fees and other charges as may be prescribed by the Ordinances;
  28.  to prescribe and control the fees and other charges which may be received or recovered by colleges;
  29.  to create administrative, ministerial and other necessary posts to make appointments thereto;
  30.  to exercise control over. the salaried officers, teachers and other employees of the University in accordance with the. Statutes and the Ordinances;
  31.  to hold and manage trusts and endowments. and to institute and award fellowships, scholarships, exhibitions, bursaries, medals and other awards;
  32.  to receive donations and grants and to invest funds in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
  33.  to determine standards for admission into the University, which may include examination. evaluation or any other method of testing;
  34.  to make special arrangements in respect of women students as the University may consider desirable;
  35.  to make arrangements for promoting the health and general welfare of the employees; .
  36.  to do all such acts and things whether incidental to the powers aforesaid or not as may be requisite in order to further the objects of the University.

Powers of Kuladhipati (Governor)
IGenKF
10121324A
Section 10 - Inspections in University and College The Kuladhipati may, on his own motion, and shall on a request made by the State Government cause an inspection to be made by such person or persons as he may direct, of the University, its buildings, laboratories, museums, workshops and equipment and of any College or Institution maintained by the University or admitted to its privileges , and also of the Examinations, teaching and other work conducted or done by the University and cause an inquiry to be made in like manner in respect of any matter connected with the administration or finances of the University, Colleges or Institutions.

Where the Executive Council or the management does not, within a reasonable time, take action to satisfaction of the Kuladhipati, the Kuladhipati may after considering any explanation furnish or representation made by the Executive Council or the management, issue in consultation with the State Government, such directions as he may think fit and the Executive Council or management as the case may be shall comply therewith.

Section 12
  1. The Governor of Madhya Pradesh shall be the Kuladhipati of the University.
  2. The Kuladhipati shall, by virtue of his office, be the Head of the University and the President of the court and shall, when present preside at meetings of the court and at any convocation of the University.
  3. The Kuladhipati may call for any papers or information relating to the affairs of the University; for reasons to be recorded, refer any matter except a matter falling under Section 55 for reconsideration to any officer or authority of the University that has previously considered such matter.
  4. The Kuladhipati may, by an order in writing, annul:
    1. any proceedings of any officer, authority, Committee or body of the University, constituted by or under this Act. which is not in conformity with this Act, the Statutes, Ordinances or the Regulations, or 
    2. any proceedings, of any authority, Committee or other body which has been referred to him by the Kulapati under sub-section (7) of section 15, if he is satisfied that such proceedings are prejudicial to, the interests Of the University;

    Provided that before making such order he shall call upon the officer, authority, committee or body concerned to show cause why such an order should not be made and if any cause is shown within the time specified by him in this behalf he shall consider the same.
  5. Every proposal to confer an honorary degree shall be subject to the confirmation of the Kuladhipati.
  6. The Kuladhipati shall exercise, such powers as may be conferred on him by or under this Act.
Section 13 - Power to appoint Kulapati
The Kulapati shall be appointed by the Kuladhipati from a panel of not less than three persons recommended by a committee.

Section 24 A - Power to constitute finance committee
The Kuladhipati shall constitute a finance Committee for each University, consisting of the following members, namely:
  1. Kulapati of the University - Chairman;
  2. Registrar of the University - Member Secretary;
  3. Finance officer of the University;
  4. Commissioner, Higher Education or his nominee not below the rank of Joint Director;
  5. Secretary to the Government of Madhya Pradesh Higher Education Department or his nominee not below the rank of Deputy Secretary;
  6. Secretary to the Government of Madhya Pradesh, Finance Department or his nominee not below the rank of Deputy Secretary.

Powers of Kulapati (Vice Chancellor)

Section 15
  1. The Kulapati shall be the principal administrative and Academic officer of the University and shall in the absence of the Kuladhipati preside at the meetings of the court. He shall be an ex-officio member and Chairman of the Executive Council and of the Academic Council Member of the Court and Chairman of the Executive Council and Chairman of such other authorities committees and bodies of the University of which he is a member. He shall be entitled to be present and to speak at any meeting of any authority, committee or other body of the University but shall not be entitled to vote there at unless he is a member of the authority, committee or body concerned.
  2. It shall be the duty of the Kulapati to ensure that this act, the Statutes, the Ordinances and the Regulations are faithfully observed and he shall have all powers necessary for this purpose.
  3. The Kulapati shall have the power to convene meetings of the court, the Executive Council, the Academic Council and of such other authorities, Committees and bodies of the University of which he is the chairman. He may delegate this power to any other officer of the University.
  4. If in the opinion of the Kulapati any emergency has arisen which requires immediate action to be taken, the Kulapati shall take such actions as he deems necessary and shall at the earliest opportunity thereafter report his action to such officer, authority, committee or other body as would have in the ordinary course dealt with the matter.
  5. The Kulapati shall exercise general control over the affairs of the University and shall give effect to the decisions of the authorities of the University.
  6. The Kulapati shall exercise such other power as may be prescribed by the Statutes, Ordinances and Regulations.

Section 17 Appointment of Dean
The Dean of Students' Welfare shall be appointed by the Executive Council on the recommendation of the Kulapati.

Powers and duties of Executive Council
Section 24. Subject to the provisions of this Act, and the Statues, Ordinances and regulations made thereunder, the Executive Council shall have the following powers and perform the following duties, namely:
  1.  to hold, control and administer the property funds of the University;
  2.  to administer the funds placed at the disposal of the University for specific purposes;
  3.  to adopt the annual accounts together with the audit report;
  4.  to frame the annual financial estimates of the University and to place them before the court for its consideration; 
  5. to adopt the annual financial estimates after considering suggestions of the court, if any; to fix the limit for the total recurring expenditure and total non-recurring expenditure for the year based on the resources of the University which in the case of productive works may include the proceeds of loans;
  6. subject to clause (v), at any time during the financial year; 
    1. to reduce the amount of the budget grant; 
    2. to sanction the transfer of any amount within a budget grant from one head to another or from a subordinate head under one minor head to a subordinate head under another minor head; or 
    3. to sanction the transfer of any amount not exceeding rupees five thousand within a minor head from one subordinate head to another or from one primary unit to another;
  7.  to borrow and lend funds on behalf of the University;
  8.  to transfer any movable or immovable property on behalf of the University
  9.  to enter into, vary, carry out and cancel contracts on behalf of the University in the exercise or performance of the powers and duties assigned to it by this Act, and the Statutes.
  10.  to determine the form of, provide for the custody and regulate the use of the common seal of the University
  11.  to lay before the Commissioner higher education annually a full statement of the financial requirements of all college and halls;
  12.  to admit colleges to the privileges of the University on the recommendation of the Academic Council and with the previous sanction of the Commissioner Higher Education and Subject to the provisions of this Act, and Statutes and to withdraw any of the privileges and to take over the management of the college in the manner and under conditions prescribed by the Statutes and ordinances;
  13.  to declare Teaching Department of the University; School of Studies or Colleges, autonomous Colleges;
  14. Provided that the extent of autonomy which each such Teaching Department of the University, School of Studies or College may have and the matters in relation to which it may exercise such autonomy, shall be such as may be prescribed by the Statute;
  15.  to make provision for building, premises, furniture apparatus book and other means needed for carrying on the works of the University;
  16.  to accept on behalf of the University, trusts, bequests, donations and transfers of any movable of immovable property to the University.
  17.  to manage and regulate the finances, account and investments of the University;
  18.  to institute and manage:
    1. a Printing, Publication and Translation Bureau;
    2. an Information Bureau;
    3. an Employment Bureau;
  19.  to make provision for; 
    1. Extramural teaching and research, University extension activities, Correspondence Courses,
    2. physical training;(c) students' Union;
    3. students' Welfare;
    4. sports and athletic activities;
    5. social service schemes; 
    6. National Cadet Corps;
  20.  to scrutinize all proposals of the Academic Council with a view to their execution within the framework of the budget;
  21.  to institute such Professorships, Readerships, Lecturerships or other teaching posts as may be proposed by the Academic Planning and Evaluation Board;
  22.  to create administrative ministerial and other posts with the prior sanction of the State Government" and
  23.  to abolish or suspend, after report from the Academic Planning and Evaluation Board thereon any Professorships, Readerships, Lecturerships or other teaching posts in the University;
  24.  to establish, maintain and manage colleges, teaching departments institutions of research or specialized studies, laboratories, libraries, museums and halls;
  25.  to recognize halls and to provide housing accommodation for teachers of the University paid by the University;
  26.  to arrange for and direct the inspection of affiliated colleges, recognized institutions and halls and to issue instruction for maintaining their efficiency and for ensuring proper conditions of employment for members of their staff and payment of adequate salaries, and in case of disregard of such instructions, to modify on the recommendations of the Academic Council the conditions of affiliation or recognition or taking of such other steps as it deems necessary and proper in that behalf;
  27. to prepare a college code laying down therein the terms and conditions of affiliation of colleges other than Government Colleges;
  28. to call for reports, returns and other information from affiliated colleges. recognized institutions or halls;
  29. to supervise and control the admission, residence, conduct and discipline of the students of the University find to make arrangements for promoting their health and general welfare;
  30. to recommend to the Kuladhipati the conferment of Honorary degrees and academic distinctions in the manner prescribed by Statutes; .
  31. to confer or withdraw degrees, diplomas, certificates and other academic distinctions in the manner prescribed by the statutes;
  32. to institute fellowships, scholarships, studentships, exhibitions, medals and prizes;
  33. to regulate and enforce discipline among members of the teaching, administrative and ministerial staff of the University in accordance with the Statutes and Ordinances;
  34. to recognize a member of the staff of an affiliated college or recognized institution as a teacher of the University and withdraw such recognition;
  35. to fix remuneration of examiners and to arrange for the conduct of and for publishing the results of the University examination and other tests;
  36. to cancel examinations in the event of malpractice partially or wholly and to take action against any person or group of parsons or institutions found guilty of such malpractice, including rustication of students;
  37. to take disciplinary action against students enrolled in the University, including candidates for any examination;
  38. to take disciplinary action against staff, persons appointed as invigilators examiners etc.
  39. to fix, demand and receive such fees and other charges as may be prescribed by the Ordinances;
  40. to make, amend and cancel Ordinances;
  41. to accept, reject or return to the Academic Council for consideration but not to amend, Regulation framed by the Academic Council;
  42. to entertain, adjudicate upon and, if deemed fit, to redress grievances of the employees and the students;
  43. to exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as may be conferred or imposed on it by or under this Act;
  44. to exercise all powers of the University not other wise provided for in this Act or the Statutes and all other powers which are requisite to give effect to the provisions of this Act or the Statutes;
  45. to delegate by Regulations any of its powers to the Kulapati, the Registrar or such other officer of the University or a Committee appointed by it as it may deem fit.

Powers of the finance committee
Section 24 A - Finance Committee shall exercise the powers and perform the functions as under:
  1. to review the income and Expenditure of the University;
  2. to prepare the Annual Financial Estimates of the University before the commencement of the financial year and place it before the Executive Council For approval and to advise amendment therein from time to time;
  3. to sanction proposals and take decisions on the income and expenditure of the University;
  4. to get the annual accounts and the annual audit of the University completed in time and in light of the report order appropriate directions;
University Fund

Section 32  - The University shall establish a Fund to be called the University Fund:  The following shall form part of, or be paid into, the University Fund:
  1. any rent, contribution or grant by Central or State Government or any body corporate;
  2. trusts, bequests, donations, endowments and other grants if any;
  3. the income of the University from all sources including income from fees and charges;
  4. all other sums received by the University.
Section 33 - Objects to which University fund may be applied
DUASSSE
  1. to the repayment of debts incurred by the University for the purposes of this Act and the Statutes, the Ordinances and Regulations made there under;
  2. to the upkeep of colleges, teaching departments, schools of studies established by the University, residence and halls;
  3. to the payment of the cost of audit of the University Fund;
  4. to the expenses of any suit or proceedings to which University is party;
  5. to the payment of salaries and allowances of the officers and employees of the University, members of the teaching staff and the establishment employed in the colleges, the teaching departments and school of studies maintained by the University for and in furtherance of the purposes of this Act, and the Statutes, the Ordinances and the Regulations made thereunder and to the payment of any Provident Fund Contributions, gratuity and other benefits to any such officers and employees, members of the teaching staff or the members of such establishment;
  6. to the payment of the traveling and other allowances of the members of the Court, Executive Council and the Academic Council and any other authorities of the University and/or the members of any committee or Board appointed by any of the authorities of the University in pursuance of any provision of this Act, and the Statutes, the Ordinances and the Regulations made thereunder;
  7. to the payment of fellowships, scholarships, studentships and other awards to students;
  8. to the payment of any expenses incurred by the University in carrying out the provisions of this Act, and the Statutes, the Ordinances, and the Regulations made thereunder;
  9. to the payment of any other expenses not specified in any of the preceding clauses declared by the Executive Council to be the expense for the purposes of the University.
No expenditure shall be incurred by the University in excess of the limits for total recurring expenditure and total non-recurring expenditure for the year fixed by the Executive Council without the previous approval of the Executive Council.
No Expenditure other than that provided for in the budget shall be incurred by the University without the previous approval of the Executive Council.

Resolution of Disputes

Section 55
If any question arises regarding the interpretation of any provisions of this act or of any Statute, Ordinance or Regulation or as to whether any person has been duly elected, appointed as or is entitled to be a member of any authority, or other body of the University, the matter shall be referred to Kuladhipati whose decision thereon shall be final;
Provided that before taking any such decisions the Kuladhipati himself or an officer nominated by him, shall give the person or persons affected thereby a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
In this Section the expression "appointed" does not include appointments to the salaried posts of the University.

Section 59(2)
Any dispute regarding service matters arising out of contract or otherwise between a University and any of its salaried employees shall be adjudicated upon by the Vice-Chancellor and an appeal against the Vice Chancellor's decision shall lie to the Kuladhipati, who shall decide the dispute himself or refer it to a Tribunal constituted for the purpose consisting of the following members, namely:
  1. a Senior Vice-Chancellor of any of the University;
  2. a Senior Secretary to the State Government; and
  3. a Senior Principal of the post graduate college of the State